Azzuhana Roslan
Graduated from UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia (UTM) with a Degree in Geoinformatic. Have 5 years' experience as a Researcher in Road Safety Engineering and Environment Research Centre (REER) at Malaysian Institute of Road Safety Research (MIROS).

International Road Assessment Programe(IRAP): Enhancement Using GIS Analysis
In 2007, the International Road Assessment Programme, or iRAP, was introduced in Malaysia with a pilot venture of star rating for approximately 3,700 km of Malaysian federal roads and highways. Roads were assessed according to their engineering attributes such as number of lanes, width of lanes, and speed limit. Different user groups were included in the data collection process. A road protection score (RPS), and extension of the Europe Road Assessment Programme (EuroRAP) were developed for iRAP, enabling it to be applied in low- to middle- income countries. The objective was to develop cost-effective programmes of road safety countermeasures. A procedure that preceded star rating of roads is risk mapping of roads. A risk map highlights areas that are affected by, or vulnerable to, a particular hazard. Risk maps help road concessionaires to take some preventive measures on their roads. It is a process that uses existing data, including detailed crash and traffic data, to depict an objective view of where people are being killed or seriously injured on the road. It also enables an overview of where crash risk is greatest within a road network. Risk mapping is used to identify sections of road that are high-risk, rather than depicting just point or cluster locations of crashes (such as blackspots). Road sections are placed into colour-coded categories rated from high-risk to low-risk. This paper addresses risk mapping methods and procedures adopted in producing a risk map for the Malaysian road network. Challenges in developing techniques and using the right tools are also highlighted.
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